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DIRNAME(3)

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NAME    [Toc]    [Back]

     dirname -- extract the directory part of a pathname

SYNOPSIS    [Toc]    [Back]

     #include <libgen.h>

     char *
     dirname(const char *path);

DESCRIPTION    [Toc]    [Back]

     The dirname() function is the converse of basename(3); it returns a
     pointer to the parent directory of the pathname pointed to by path.  Any
     trailing `/' characters are not counted as part of the directory name.
     If path is a null pointer, the empty string, or contains no `/' characters,
 dirname() returns a pointer to the string ".", signifying the current
 directory.

RETURN VALUES    [Toc]    [Back]

     On successful completion, dirname() returns a pointer to the parent
     directory of path.

     If dirname() fails, a null pointer is returned and the global variable
     errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS    [Toc]    [Back]

     The following error codes may be set in errno:

     [ENAMETOOLONG]	The path component to be returned was larger than
			MAXPATHLEN.

WARNINGS    [Toc]    [Back]

     The dirname() function returns a pointer to internal static storage space
     that will be overwritten by subsequent calls (each function has its own
     separate storage).

     Other vendor implementations of dirname() may modify the contents of the
     string passed to dirname(); this should be taken into account when writing
 code which calls this function if portability is desired.

SEE ALSO    [Toc]    [Back]

      
      
     basename(1), dirname(1), basename(3)

STANDARDS    [Toc]    [Back]

     The dirname() function conforms to X/Open Portability Guide Issue 4.2
     (``XPG4.2'').

HISTORY    [Toc]    [Back]

     The dirname() function first appeared in OpenBSD 2.2 and FreeBSD 4.2.

AUTHORS    [Toc]    [Back]

     Todd C. Miller <Todd.Miller@courtesan.com>


FreeBSD 5.2.1			August 17, 1997 		 FreeBSD 5.2.1
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