|Tip: 21 Comments: 0
To change an environment variable in /bin/sh use:
$ export VARIABLE
|Tip: 22 Comments: 0
You can use /etc/make.conf to control the options used to compile software
on this system. Example entries are in
|Tip: 23 Comments: 0
To do a fast search for a file, try
locate uses a database that is updated every Saturday (assuming your computer
is running FreeBSD at the time) to quickly find files based on name only.
|Tip: 24 Comments: 0
In order to search for a string in some files, use 'grep' like this:
grep "string" filename1 [filename2 filename3 ...]
This will print out the lines in the files that contain the string. grep can
also do a lot more advanced searches - type 'man grep' for details.
|Tip: 25 Comments: 0
You can use the 'fetch' command to retrieve files over ftp or http.
will download the front page of the FreeBSD web site.
|Tip: 26 Comments: 0
In order to make fetch (the FreeBSD downloading tool) ask for
username/password when it encounter a password-protected web page, you can set
the environment variable HTTP_AUTH to 'basic:*'.
|Tip: 27 Comments: 0
You can permanently set environment variables for your shell by putting them
in a startup file for the shell. The name of the startup file varies
depending on the shell - csh and tcsh uses .login, bash, sh, ksh and zsh use
.profile. When using bash, sh, ksh or zsh, don't forget to export the
|Tip: 28 Comments: 0
If you are running xterm, the default TERM variable will be 'xterm'. If you
set this environment variable to 'xterm-color' instead, a lot of programs will
use colors. You can do this by
TERM=xterm-color; export TERM
in Bourne-derived shells, and
setenv TERM xterm-color
in csh-derived shells.
|Tip: 29 Comments: 0
If you do not want to get beeps in X11 (X Windows), you can turn them off with
xset b off
|Tip: 30 Comments: 0
You can look through a file in a nice text-based interface by typing